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Learn Cannabidiol (CBD) Terminology

We understand Cannabidiol (CBD) and its terminology is a whole new language to many people. This can get extremely confusing at times, leaving you scratching your head, trying to understand it all.

CBD ME would like everyone to know as much as possible about their CBD products: what they are, how they work, and how they’re made.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

This Guide will explain Cannabidiol (CBD) terms and their definitions to help you safely understand the most common terms used in the CBD world and help you make informed choices.

Still looking for answers to your questions drop us and email or a call, we are always happy to help. Contact CBD-ME

Guide of Common Cannabidiol (CBD)

 Terms and What They Mean

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Bioavailability:

This refers to the rate CBD is absorbed by the body’s circulatory system. taken sublingual CBD directly enters your bloodstream, allowing it to travel and bind to the appropriate endocannabinoid receptors throughout your body. Where as if oil is taken in capsule form the digestive tracts break it down, so far less is absorbed into the bloodstream.

 

 

Broad Spectrum:

Products labelled Broad Spectrum refer to the cannabinoid profile of a CBD product. Broad-spectrum products include a full spectrum range of beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes with the  exception: no THC or CBN.

 

 

Cannabidiol (CBD):

Cannabidiol also known as CBD is a safe, non-addictive substance, CBD is just one of over 120 “phytocannabinoids,” which are unique to cannabis and endow the plant with its robust
Cannabidiol profile CBD Market Harborough Hemp

 

 

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA):

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is another one of many compounds produced by Cannabis and Hemp plant. Over time and when exposed to heat (decarboxylation) the CBDA converts to CBD. CBD-ME Capsules are high in CBDA 

 

 

Cannabigerol (CBG):

Cannabigerol also known as CBG is one of the 120 identified Cannabinoid compounds found in the cannabis plant. It is the precursor Cannabinoid that then converts naturally to CBD or THC depending on the variety. We use CBG in our Muscle and Skin Cream.

 

 

Cannabinoid:

A chemical substance found naturally in the cannabis plant; THC and CBD are the two most well known Cannabinoids, but there are over 120 known cannabinoids. Cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system’s receptors found throughout the body.

 

 

Cannabinoid Receptors:

Cannabinoid receptors are part of the endocannabinoid system.  These receptors are found in two main types (CB1 & CB2) all throughout the brain and body.

CB1 CB2 receptors ECS

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 (CB1):

Cannabinoid receptor type 1 is found primarily in the central nervous system

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 2 (CB2):

Cannabinoid receptor type 2 only in peripheral tissues and is not typically found in the central nervous system.

 

 

Cannabis indica:

A strain of cannabis known for higher concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).  it is known for its sedative effects. Because indica contains higher concentrations of THC, it is popular as a recreational and medicinal drug.

 

 

CANNABIS OIL:

Extracted from the Cannabis plant. Cannabis Oil has high levels of THC along with CBD and other cannabinoids. THC is a psychoactive Cannabinoid that is a controlled substance in the UK under the Misuse of Drugs act 1971 

 

 

Cannabis sativa:

A strain of cannabis known for promoting a body high. Also known as sativa, of which all types of Hemp are classified.

 

 

CBD Isolate:

These products are >99% CBD. Everything contained in the plant matter is removed — including any traces of THC and other beneficial cannabinoids — until only a powder or crystalline form of CBD is left. We use isolate in our Muscle / Skin Creams

 

 

Decarboxylation:

The process of applying heat to activate and release the Cannabinoids present in the cannabis.

 

 

Ethanol extraction:

Involves introducing the solvent ethanol to the hemp plant in order to extract the cannabinoids. Unlike other extraction methods, ethanol extraction can preserve some of the minor terpenoids and Cannabinoids when compared to alternative extraction methods.

 

 

Endocannabinoid System (ECS):

For years scientists have known that certain compounds in the cannabis plant, known as phytocannabinoids, have noticeable effects on functions of the human body.  However they didn’t fully understand the reasons behind these effects. In the 1990’s scientists discovered that the brain itself produces compounds similar to phytocannabinoids, which are known as endogenous cannabinoids. These substances bind to specific sites in the brain known as cannabinoid receptors.

 

 

Full-spectrum:

Is the term used to describe a whole plant Cannabis extract that has a full profile of its Cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids.

 

 

Hemp Seed Oil:

It results from the cold-pressing of hemp seeds. It provides a good source of polyunsaturated and essential fatty acids. Hemp Oil  has little or no CBD or THC often used in CBD Oil products as the carrier Oil – Our Original CBD Oil

 

 

Industrial Hemp:

Hemp is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its products, Hemp has amazing environmental benefits including textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastic, food, biofuel. Cannabis Sativa L - UK Hemp

 

 

You can cultivate Hemp in the UK under a Home Office License. Hemp cultivated in Leicestershire near Market Harborough

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Psychoactive:

THC / CBN are the psychotropic Cannabinoids which in the UK are controlled substances.

 

 

Phytocannabinoid

Phytocannabinoids are compounds found in cannabis plants that mimic the endocannabinoids naturally produced by the body. CBD CBG and THC are examples of phytocannabinoids.

 

 

Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9 THC):

Commonly shortened to THC, this cannabinoid is the famous high-producing substance in Cannabis.  This compound is what you will find in Medical Cannabis at higher levels than allowed in CBD food products. It’s a controlled substance under MODA 1971 and therefore cannot be present in levels that exceed 1mg in any finished product.

 

 

Terpene (Terpenoids):

Terpenes are of organic compounds produced by plants. Terpenes are responsible for the aroma and flavours of cannabis and influence its effects by interacting with cannabinoids. They are known to produce a wide variety of potential benefits alongside cannabinoids via the entourage effect. Our Sunlight and Starlight CBD Oils have added Terpenes in found naturally in the cannabis plant.

cbd terpenes list hemp plant